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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF CONSUMER AFFAIRS, FOOD AND PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION
LOK SABHA
STARRED QUESTION NO: 123
ANSWERED ON:  12.02.2019
Storage Capacity of FCI
KAUSHALENDRA KUMAR
RAMDAS CHANDRABHANJI TADAS
Will the Minister of

CONSUMER AFFAIRS, FOOD AND PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION be pleased to state:-


(a) the details of present godown/storage capacity of the Food Corporation of India (FCI) throughout the country, State-wise;
(b) whether it has been found in a recent study that the foodgrain production is increasing in the country but a large quantum of foodgrains are getting wasted every year, if so, the details thereof and the efforts being made by the Government to check the wastage of foodgrains and increase the storage capacity of foodgrains to keep foodgrains safely in various States of the country including Bihar and Maharashtra;
(c) whether FCI stores foodgrains in rented godowns also and if so, the annual amount being spent on it;
(d) the details of the quantum of foodgrains damaged in FCI’s own godowns as well as the rented private godowns during the last four years, State and godown-wise; and
(e) whether the Government/FCI has proposed to fix responsibility or held anyone responsible for such decay and wastage of foodgrains, if so, the details thereof and the action taken in this regard so far?


ANSWER
MINISTER OF CONSUMER AFFAIRS, FOOD & PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION
(SHRI RAMVILAS PASWAN)
(a) to (e): A statement is laid on the Table of the House.
****
STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) to (e) OF THE STARRED QUESTION NO. *123 DUE FOR ANSWER ON 12TH FEBRUARY, 2019 IN THE LOK SABHA
(a) to (e): As on 31.12.2018, a total of 2006 godowns (including silos) were available with Food Corporation of India (FCI) for the storage of Central Pool Stock of foodgrains. FCI has a total capacity of 390.04 Lakh Metric Tonnes (LMT) (as on 31.12.2018), comprising 363.97 LMT in covered godowns and 26.07 LMT in Cover and Plinth (CAP) storage. The State-wise details are at Annexure-I.
On the basis of peak stock requirement during normal procurement season, the overall storage capacity required for central pool foodgrains in the country is about 650 LMT. Against this the total storage capacity available with FCI, Central Warehousing Corporation (CWC) and State Agencies, is 851.54 LMT (as on 31.12.2018) comprising 724.79 LMT in covered godowns and 126.75 LMT in CAP storage.
However, depending on requirement in specific areas and for modernization of storage facilities, Government is implementing the following schemes for construction of godowns and silos in the country for central pool stock of foodgrains:
i. Private Entrepreneurs Guarantee (PEG) Scheme: Under this Scheme, which was formulated in 2008, storage capacity is created by private parties, Central Warehousing Corporation (CWC) and State Government Agencies for guaranteed hiring by Food Corporation of India (FCI). A capacity of 142.12 LMT has been created as on 31.12.2018 since the inception of this scheme.
ii. Central Sector Scheme (earlier Plan Scheme): This scheme is implemented in the North Eastern States along with a few other States. Funds are released by the Government to FCI and also directly to the State Governments for construction of godowns. A total capacity of 2,01,200 MT has been completed by FCI and State Governments during last 5 years from 01.04.2013 up to 31.12.2018.
iii. Construction of Steel Silos: Government of India has also approved an action plan for construction of steel silos in the country for a capacity of 100 LMT in Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode for modernizing storage infrastructure and improving shelf life of stored foodgrains. Against this, as on 31.12.2018, steel silos of 6.25 LMT capacity have been created.
...2/-
...2...
The foodgrains are stored scientifically with various preservation measures like fumigation and treatment with pesticides. In spite of taking necessary care and precautions, small quantities of foodgrains may become non-issuable due to various reasons like natural calamities, damages in transit, negligence of officials etc.
However, the percentage of foodgrains damaged in FCI against offtake/handled quantity is only 0.01% in 2018-19 (as on 01.01.2019).
The State-wise, agency-wise & year-wise details of quantum of foodgrains damaged in FCI’s own godowns as well as the rented private godowns during the last four years i.e. 2014-15 to 2017-18 are at Annexure-II, III, IV and V respectively.
Action has been taken against the officials of FCI for causing damage to foodgrains. In the year 2017-18, action was taken against 13 such officials and penalty of recovery was imposed on them. Further, in the case of damage to foodgrains in godowns hired by FCI, recovery from the rent payable is done.
The rent paid by FCI for storing the foodgrains during the year 2017-18 is Rs 2,345.42 Cr.
***
ANNEXURE-I
ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) to (e) OF THE STARRED QUESTION NO. *123 DUE FOR ANSWER ON 12TH FEBRUARY, 2019 IN THE LOK SABHA
The State-wise number of godowns (including silos) along with the capacity available with FCI as on 31.12.2018 is as given below:
SL
State
No. of Godowns
Capacity (Fig. in LMT)
Covered
CAP
Total
1
BIHAR
74
10.00
1.00
11.00
2
JHARKHAND
41
3.57
0.05
3.62
3
ODISHA
52
4.94
-
4.94
4
WEST BENGAL
33
9.77
0.51
10.28
5
ASSAM
39
3.96
-
3.96
6
ARUNACHAL PRADESH
13
0.27
-
0.27
7
MEGHALAYA
6
0.22
-
0.22
8
MIZORAM
6
0.25
-
0.25
9
TRIPURA
7
0.44
-
0.44
10
MANIPUR
5
0.32
-
0.32
11
NAGALAND
6
0.41
-
0.41
12
DELHI
6
3.36
0.31
3.67
13
HARYANA
239
54.49
3.33
57.82
14
HIMACHAL PRADESH
18
0.53
-
0.53
15
JAMMU & KASHMIR
31
2.71
0.1
2.81
16
PUNJAB
553
108.48
7.36
115.84
17
RAJASTHAN
132
16.46
1.85
18.31
18
UTTAR PRADESH
262
53.35
5.19
58.54
19
UTTARAKHAND
17
1.47
0.21
1.68
20
ANDHRA PRADESH
55
9.96
1.6
11.56
21
TELANGANA
60
13.79
1.02
14.81
22
KERALA
28
5.41
0.21
5.62
23
KARNATAKA
60
7.61
1.36
8.97
24
TAMIL NADU
59
12.66
0.31
12.97
25
GUJARAT
32
6.84
0.27
7.11
26
MAHARASHTRA
78
18.35
1.02
19.37
27
GOA
2
0.2
-
0.2
28
MADHYA PRADESH
54
7.72
0.36
8.08
29
CHHATTISGARH
38
6.43
0.01
6.44
Total
2006
363.97
26.07
390.04
****
ANNEXURE-II
ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) to (e) OF THE STARRED QUESTION NO. *123 DUE FOR ANSWER ON 12TH FEBRUARY, 2019 IN THE LOK SABHA
Statement showing accrual of damaged foodgrains in FCI during 2014-15:
(figures in MT)
SL
STATE
TYPE OF GODOWN
TOTAL
FCI
CWC
SWC
PEG
ARDC
1
BIHAR
4.47
2.08
690.64
0.00
6.47
703.65
2
JHARKHAND
2.67
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
2.67
3
ODISHA
92.16
0.00
7,016.65
0.00
0.00
7,108.82
4
WEST BENGAL
120.49
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
120.49
5
ASSAM
96.62
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
96.62
6
MEGHALAYA,MIZORAM & TRIPURA
95.27
0.14
0.00
0.00
0.00
95.42
7
ARUNACHAL PRADESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
8
NAGALAND
38.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
38.00
9
MANIPUR
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
10
DELHI
2.59
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
2.59
11
HARYANA
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
12
HIMACHAL PRADESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
13
JAMMU & KASHMIR
6,120.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
6,120.00
14
PUNJAB
44.59
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
44.59
15
RAJASTHAN
2.76
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
2.76
16
UTTAR PRADESH
219.22
8.25
94.11
0.46
0.00
322.03
17
UTTARAKHAND
2.94
1.33
3.26
0.00
0.00
7.53
18
ANDHRA PREDESH
48.83
0.00
2,213.30
0.00
0.00
2,262.12
19
KERALA
397.69
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
397.69
20
KARNATAKA
728.51
10.82
3.68
4.82
0.00
747.83
21
TAMIL NADU
309.01
67.98
0.00
0.00
0.00
376.99
22
GUJARAT
162.80
10.82
0.00
0.00
21.63
195.25
23
MAHARASHTRA
86.03
11.69
5.69
0.00
1.00
104.41
24
MADHYA PRADESH
6.46
73.72
0.00
0.00
0.00
80.18
25
CHHATTISGARH
16.42
1.60
0.00
0.00
0.00
18.02
TOTAL
8,597.52
188.42
10,027.33
5.28
29.10
18,847.65
0.19 LMT
CWC: Central Warehousing Corporation
SWC: State Warehousing Corporation
PEG: Private Entrepreneurs Guarantee Scheme
ARDC: Agriculture Refinance and Development Corporation
***
ANNEXURE-III
ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) to (e) OF THE STARRED QUESTION NO. *123 DUE FOR ANSWER ON 12TH FEBRUARY, 2019 IN THE LOK SABHA
Statement showing accrual of damaged foodgrains in FCI during 2015-16:
(figures in MT)
SL
STATE
TYPE OF GODOWN
TOTAL
FCI
CWC
SWC
PEG
ARDC
1
BIHAR
42.48
0.00
0.00
3.91
0.00
46.39
2
JHARKHAND
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
3
ODISHA
14.35
9.55
2.04
25.94
4
WEST BENGAL
12.40
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
12.40
5
ASSAM
119.91
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
119.91
6
MEGHALAYA, MIZORAM & TRIPURA
210.39
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
210.39
7
ARUNACHAL PRADESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
8
NAGALAND
10.60
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
10.60
9
MANIPUR
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
10
DELHI
16.05
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
11
HARYANA
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
12
HIMACHAL PRADESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
13
JAMMU& KASHMIR
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
14
PUNJAB
29.73
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
29.73
15
RAJASTHAN
2.41
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
2.41
16
UTTAR PRADESH
74.94
14.63
26.50
0.00
0.00
116.07
17
UTTARAKHAND
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
18
ANDHRA PREDESH
2,145.37
0.00
56.85
0.00
0.00
2,202.22
19
KERALA
178.91
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
178.91
20
KARNATAKA
24.58
6.40
2.00
2.24
0.00
35.23
21
TAMIL NADU
18.70
11.67
0.00
0.00
0.00
30.37
22
GUJARAT
15.62
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
15.62
23
MAHARASHTRA
18.91
24.55
12.88
0.00
0.00
56.35
24
MADHYA PRADESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
25
CHHATTISGARH
2.67
0.00
4.44
0.00
0.00
7.11
TOTAL
2,938.01
66.81
104.71
6.15
0.00
3,115.68
0.03 LMT
CWC: Central Warehousing Corporation
SWC: State Warehousing Corporation
PEG: Private Entrepreneurs Guarantee Scheme
ARDC: Agriculture Refinance and Development Corporation
***
ANNEXURE-IV
ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) to (e) OF THE STARRED QUESTION NO. *123 DUE FOR ANSWER ON 12TH FEBRUARY, 2019 IN THE LOK SABHA
Statement showing accrual of damaged foodgrains in FCI during 2016-17:
(figures in MT)
SL
STATE
TYPE OF GODOWN
TOTAL
FCI
CWC
SWC
PEG
ARDC
1
BIHAR
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
2
JHARKHAND
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
3
ODISHA
0.62
0.74
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.36
4
WEST BENGAL
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
5
ASSAM
205.16
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
205.16
6
MEGHALAYA, MIZORAM & TRIPURA
104.89
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
104.89
7
ARUNACHAL PRADESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
8
NAGALAND
3.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
3.00
9
MANIPUR
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
10
DELHI
11.92
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
11.92
11
HARYANA
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
12
HIMACHAL PRADESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
13
JAMMU & KASHMIR
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
14
PUNJAB
8.49
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
8.49
15
RAJASTHAN
124.93
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
124.94
16
UTTAR PRADESH
15.88
0.00
7.60
24.30
0.00
47.78
17
UTTARAKHAND
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
18
ANDHRA PREDESH
5.72
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
5.72
19
KERALA
88.14
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
88.14
20
KARNATAKA
11.84
0.00
0.99
0.00
0.00
12.83
21
TAMIL NADU
35.50
30.85
0.00
0.00
0.00
66.35
22
GUJARAT
25.62
93.62
0.00
0.00
0.00
119.24
23
MAHARASHTRA
16.49
7,943.56
0.00
0.00
3.32
7,963.37
24
MADHYA PRADESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
25
CHHATTISGARH
3.45
8.94
0.00
0.00
0.00
12.38
TOTAL
661.63
8,077.72
8.59
24.30
3.33
8,775.57
0.09 LMT
CWC: Central Warehousing Corporation
SWC: State Warehousing Corporation
PEG: Private Entrepreneurs Guarantee Scheme
ARDC: Agriculture Refinance and Development Corporation
***
ANNEXURE-V
ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) to (e) OF THE STARRED QUESTION NO. *123 DUE FOR ANSWER ON 12TH FEBRUARY, 2019 IN THE LOK SABHA
Statement showing accrual of damaged foodgrains in FCI during 2017-18:
(figures in MT)
SL
STATE
TYPE OF GODOWN
TOTAL
FCI
CWC
SWC
PEG
ARDC
1
BIHAR
90.15
0.00
0.00
0.00
1526.45
1616.60
2
JHARKHAND
0.00
0.00
12.99
31.60
0.00
44.58
3
ODISHA
0.32
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.32
4
WEST BENGAL
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
5
ASSAM
327.71
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
327.71
6
MEGHALAYA, MIZORAM & TRIPURA
91.80
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
91.80
7
ARUNACHAL PRADESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
8
NAGALAND
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
9
MANIPUR
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
10
DELHI
13.98
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
13.98
11
HARYANA
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
12
HIMACHAL PRADESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
13
JAMMU & KASHMIR
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
14
PUNJAB
208.00
3.05
0.00
0.00
0.00
211.05
15
RAJASTHAN
0.02
1.24
0.05
0.00
0.00
1.30
16
UTTAR PRADESH
230.16
9.55
1.72
1.42
0.00
242.85
17
UTTARAKHAND
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
18
ANDHRA PREDESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
19
KERALA
1.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.50
20
KARNATAKA
55.37
5.81
7.92
5.95
0.00
75.04
21
TAMIL NADU
10.91
4.90
0.00
0.00
0.00
15.81
22
GUJARAT
6.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
6.31
23
MAHARASHTRA
13.78
0.84
0.00
0.00
0.00
14.62
24
MADHYA PRADESH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
25
CHHATTISGARH
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
TOTAL
1,050.01
25.39
22.68
38.97
1,526.45
2,663.49
0.03 LMT
CWC: Central Warehousing Corporation
SWC: State Warehousing Corporation
PEG: Private Entrepreneurs Guarantee Scheme
ARDC: Agriculture Refinance and Development Corporation
***
 

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